Submissions in the form of an abstract should be submitted to Peter.Thomas@bergbaumuseum.de by February 29th 2020, indicating the session in which you would like to participate. Notification of acceptance will be given until latest March 15th 2020. If your paper is accepted, please send an extended abstract (up to 5 pages plus up to three figures) by April 19th 2020 for publication in our conference's abstract volume. Extended abstracts will be published in online proceedings, receiving a DOI. A final publication is envisaged for 2021.
The conference will start with a public evening lecture on May 14th 2020 and and last until May 16th 2020. Participants can take a guided tour through the Deutsches Bergbau-Museum Bochum on Saturday May 16th 2020 in the afternoon.
Session organisers: Constance von Rüden, Majia Gori
Keynotes: Trevor Marchand (SOAS University of London) & Maikel Kuijpers (Universiteit Leiden)
Keywords: craft, embodiment, skill, technical practices, resources
If we understand resources as socially produced constructs, knowledge and its transmission represent a key aspect in approaching the relationship between resources and societies. Indeed, knowledge is relevant in almost every aspect of a community: it is not only central for its subsistence economy and the appropriation of raw materials and thus for the survival of the community, it is also necessary for their contestant social cohesion. Of course, many aspects of a group’s knowledge are not visible in the archaeological record, but the knowledge inherent in crafts is well-reflected thorough its materiality. Raw materials, tools, unfinished and finished goods allow insights into the skill of a craftsperson (Ingold 2011, 2013). They reflect his or her choices and social needs, as well as the habitualized activities guided by tacit knowledge. Beyond this, learning or the appropriation of techniques and their involved skills from one generation to the next or from one group to another is a crucial aspect for the spread of such resource knowledge. Next to embodiment and the materiality of the things involved, this spread of knowledge is also driven by cultural choices and the people’s socio-cultural identity.
The session aims to bring together researchers interested in the reconstruction of the resource “technical knowledge” by material remains and aims to address how such a resource can be spatially and temporally spread.
Session organisers: Thomas Stöllner, Peter Thomas, Yiu-Kang Hsu
Keynotes: Timothy LeCain (Montana State University) & Nils Anfinset (University Museum of Bergen )
Keywords: daily practices and routines in landscapes, life worlds, knowledge, resources
What “resourcers” (resource-suppliers) perceived as relevant for their decisions is a key issue in understanding how resource-landscapes and specialized activities involving (mineral) resources has evolved in ancient societies. The decision - if a resource was worth exploiting, or if a landscape was considered appropriate to start an enterprise - has to do with the level of knowledge, world-views and expectations of the people involved. Normally the material evidence of production sites does not provide many clues about basic life-world-concepts. However, we consider practices, which left their mark in the landscape, as one hint for the reconstruction of at least aspects of such basic perceptions, might they have been driven by social, economic or ritual/religious ideas and experiences. Ethnographic accounts tell us about the importance of experiences on structure and perceived causalities that decide the way of doing and constructing a life-practice. This session is dedicated to the discussion of such interdependencies on the basis of the theoretical models and special observations that ethnographers, archaeologists, sociologists made within their empirical studies, whose datasets often seemed illogical at first.
Session organisers: Michael Roos, Frederik Schaff, Frank Hillebrandt
Keynotes: Iza Romanowska (Barcelona Supercomputing Center) & Angelos Chliaoutakis (Technical University of Crete)
Keywords: Complexity, Resources, Modelling
In this session, we want to explore methodological approaches that deal with the complexity of high-level archaeological questions by taking a resource-based view. Under a high-level question, we understand a question that deals most comprehensively with human behaviour in its specific spatiotemporal context. More concretely, we do not want to focus on a single aspect of the archaeological record for a given region and time, but want to understand the dynamics of the past society in a given geographical area over a long time span (typically several hundred years).
A particularly interesting approach to such issues is to build formal, data calibrated simulation models with artificial societies populating an artificial world. However, inevitably one encounters a huge ‘lack of data’, especially when it comes to modelling human behaviour. Hence, ethnographic and anthropological work that aims at detailed descriptions of daily life and decision processes in past societies, likely providing more than one hypothesis, is a crucial part of such a discussion.
Furthermore, we recognise that the availability of resources, be it material or culturally produced and accumulated, is an important aspect when trying to understand such higher order questions. The distribution and availability of resources (including, e.g., knowledge) structures and limits the potential activities of the humans that lived in the specific spatiotemporal context. Taking a resource-based view is thus most helpful in selecting the elements in the model or making inevitable assumptions on past human societies, be it individual behaviour or social processes.
Related to any session or the overall topic. All manners of research methods are acceptable. Open questions or research proposals that will stimulate a lively discussion are also possible in this slot!
There will be a best-poster award for young academics.